MRI Forum 45: "The Kangxi Emperor and the Struggle between the French and Portuguese Jesuits, 1688-1708"


  • 16 December 2008


  • Macau Ricci Institue


  • 18:00 to 21:30


  • Free


  • English


Hsia Po-chia, Ronnie 夏伯嘉

Hsia Po-chia, Ronnie 夏伯嘉 is Edwin Erle Sparks Professor of History and Asian Studies at the Pennsylvania State University. He is the author of many books on the history of early modern Europe and Catholicism. He is preparing at present a biography of Matteo Ricci.


Tomás Pereira was the chief defender of the Portuguese padroado in the China Mission against the French Jesuits, who were dispatched by Louis XIV in the 1680s as direct representatives of French diplomacy and science. Their reluctance and later refusal to submit to the authority of the Jesuit Portuguese Vice-Province of China provoked an intense crisis in the Jesuit Mission. This presentation explores the personal conflict between Pereira and Gerbillon, the intervention of the Kangxi Emperor, and the wider significance of this tension in the crucial years of the China Mission.